In 1984, when Indian Air Force pilot Rakesh Sharma visited space, he approached the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi from space. During the phone conversation, when Indira asked Rakesh Sharma – “What does India look like with space?“
When Rakesh Sharma stepped into space on April 3, 1984, it was a proud moment for the whole country – Rakesh Sharma became the first Indian to go to space. Significantly, he went on a journey of 8 days with Soviet astronauts through the Russian (the then Soviet Union) spacecraft Soyuz T-11. At that time, the New York Times wrote that Rakesh Sharma will remain the only Indian to go to space for a very long time. This prediction of New York Times proved to be correct. In fact, after a long time Kalpana Chawla and Sunita Williams rode on the American space agency NASA and went to space.
However, even after more than three and a half decades of time has passed in the country’s first astronaut, our dream of sending an Indian into space from his own spacecraft has not yet been fulfilled. But the Indian space agency ISRO has been busy with full vigor in India’s first ‘manned space flight’ for a long time.
If everything happens according to the plan, then India will also make its place in the Elite Club of those selected countries who have the ability to send humans into space by the end of 2024 or 2025 through their Gaganyaan Mission, in which only three countries – now only three countries – America, Russia and China include. The objective of Gaganyaan is to demonstrate the indigenous ability to take two or three astronauts (skynots) to a 400 -km circular orbit for a one to three -day mission and bring them back to the Earth. About 10 thousand crore rupees are to be spent in this entire mission. Today, it is the world’s most economical manned space mission.
In his speech on the occasion of Independence Day on 15 August 2018, Prime Minister Modi had announced to send Indian astronauts into space in or before in 2022 through ‘Gaganyaanya Mission’. Although ISRO had been engaged on its behalf for this work for a long time, the said announcement of the Prime Minister had set a certain time limit of manned space flight. But due to the adverse effects of the global epidemic Kovid-19, we were a little behind the schedule. Currently, ISRO is working seriously towards the manned space mission and its preparations are almost complete.
After the historic success of Chandrayaan-3, now ISRO has focused its entire focus on ‘Mission Gaganyaan’. According to media reports, Gaganyaan’s first test vehicle (Test vehicle) can be launched next month. The safety and reliability of all systems will be tested in unmanned missions before the manned mission. 2 tests will be specially done for this. Which will be completed by the end of this year. In the first test, two unmanned aircraft (TV-D1 and TV-D2) will be sent to space. After this, in the second test, Humanoid female robot ‘Vyomamitra’ will be sent to space. Preparations for manned space flight will be done in the third time only after both these tests are successful.
Sending astronauts into space and bringing them back to the earth is very challenging and difficult. Obviously, if ISRO is successful in this mission, then he can get the whole world the iron of his indigenous technical ability at the international level. Significantly, the status or status symbol of sending passengers on its vehicle in space has so far received only three countries of the world – America, Russia and China.
If it was easy to send a human being in space, then more countries of the world would have done more. Sending someone into space and bringing it back to the earth is not a doll game. There are many important stages in the process of sending and withdrawing in space, such as launching crew modules, bringing important information from space or doing the prescribed experiment, splash down or taking off on the earth with a splash down or parachute and finally the crew module recovery. This entire process is very complex and risky technically. The slightest lapse in speed and angle can prove to be fatal for astronauts.
According to ISRO, human security is paramount in Gaganyaan Mission. Therefore, to ensure this, various new technologies, including engineering systems and human centered systems, are being developed and implemented. In this direction, no doubt can be doubted on ISRO’s serious efforts because ISRO is now able to accept all kinds of challenge.
To launch Gaganyaan, GSLV MK-3 (Giosinchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark-3) will be used rocket which is equipped with the payload capacity required for this mission. Famous as ISRO’s Bahubali, this rocket is completely based on indigenous technology.
The weight of Gaganyaan will be 8 tonnes, height 7 meters and the circle of diameter will be about 4 meters. This will be equipped with the docking capacity of the advanced version. There are two parts of the Gaganyaan Arbital Module (OM), the first crew module (the place to stay of CM or astronauts) and The